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Fa-yen Wen-i (Fayan Wenyi, Jap., Hōgen Bun'eki; 885–958). Chinese Ch'an/Zen Buddhist teacher, successor (hassu) of Lo-han Kuei-ch'en, whose work was continued by T'ien-t'ai Te-shao (Jap., Tendai Tokushō). Few of his works survive. His sayings are gathered in a late work, Ch'ing-liang Wen-i-ch'an-shih yü-lu. They are characterized by paradox, and by the technique of answering a question with the same words.