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Āyur veda (Skt., ‘Knowledge of Life’). The ancient and traditional Hindu school or system of healing, regarded as a supplement to the Atharva Veda. The major early works are the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā, 1st–4th cents. CE. The maintenance of relationship and balance is the principle of cure and care in ayurvedic medicine, which continues to be widely practised. For a spiritual equivalent, cf., BHŪTAŚUDDHI.