Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area (yəmäl´ō-nyĕ´nyĬts), administrative division (1995 pop. 479,700), c.290,000 sq mi (751,000 sq km), NW Siberian Russia, on both sides of the Gulf of Ob and including the Yamal peninsula. The area has frozen ground (permafrost) and tundra, forest tundra, and taiga vegetation. There are deposits of iron ore, coal, natural gas, and peat in the region. Exploration of the huge oil and gas fields on the Yamal peninsula has damaged reindeer habitat and destroyed fishing, threatening the longstanding self-sufficiency of the Nenets people, whose traditional occupations have been reindeer raising, fishing, and fur trapping. Salekhard is the capital and Novy Port is a regular supply point on the Northern Sea route. The population consists of Russians, Nenets, Khanty, and Komi. The area was organized as a special area in 1930. The Soviet government maintained forced labor camps in the area.
"Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 21, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/yamalo-nenets-autonomous-area
"Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 21, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/yamalo-nenets-autonomous-area
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.