Tübingen (tü´bĬng–ən), city (1994 pop. 83,553), Baden-Württemberg, SW Germany, on the Neckar River. It is a cultural and industrial center; manufactures include textiles, machinery, metal goods, wood products, and printed materials. Tübingen was chartered c.1200, passed to the counts (later dukes) of Württemberg in the mid-14th cent., and became the second capital of Württemberg in the mid-15th cent. The old part of the city retains its medieval character; noteworthy buildings include the city hall (1435), the late-Gothic Church of St. George (15th cent.), and Hohentübingen, a castle first mentioned in the 11th cent. and later (16th cent.) renovated in Renaissance style. Tübingen is famous for its university (founded 1477), where Melanchthon taught (1512–18); its theological faculty was famous in the 19th cent. as the Tübingen School, founded by F. C. Baur. Hegel and the astronomer Johannes Kepler both studied at the theological school. The poet Uhland was born (1787) in Tübingen, and the poet Hölderlin died (1843) there.
"Tübingen." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 22, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/tubingen
"Tübingen." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved June 22, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/tubingen
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.