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Polygnotus (pŏl´Ĭgnō´təs), fl. c.460 BC–447 BC, Greek painter, b. Thasos. He later became an Athenian citizen. He painted the Capture of Troy and Descent of Odysseus to Hades in the Cnidian Lesche or clubhouse at Delphi and the Fall of Troy in the Painted Porch, Athens. He is credited with having developed a series of physical attitudes to express emotion that may be reflected in vase painting of the late 5th cent. None of his works have survived.

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