Pechora (pyĬchô´rə), river, c.1,120 mi (1,800 km) long, rising in the N Urals, N European Russia. It flows generally north through the forest and tundra regions of the Komi Republic and the Nenets Autonomous Area into Pechora Bay (an inlet of the Barents Sea), forming a vast delta at Naryan-Mar. It is navigable for c.470 mi (760 km) upstream in summer and for c.1,040 mi (1,670 km) in spring and autumn. The important Pechora coal basin extends eastward to Vorkuta from the middle course of the river. The Pechora is used for fishing and lumber transport.