Skip to main content

Neher, Edwin

Edwin Neher, 1944–, German biophysicist, Ph.D. Technical Univ. of Munich, 1970. He has been a researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen, Germany, since 1972. Neher received the 1991 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine with Bert Sakmann for their joint discoveries concerning the functioning of ion channels in cell membranes. Working together, Neher and Sakmann not only established that ion channels exist and described how they function but also developed a method, known as the patch-clamp technique, that can register the minuscule electrical currents produced by the ions passing through the cell membrane. Neher also elucidated the process by which certain cells release histamine and hormones. Their work revolutionized the field of cell biology, opening new paths for studying disease mechanisms as well as for developing drugs to treat disease.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Neher, Edwin." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 19 Jan. 2019 <>.

"Neher, Edwin." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (January 19, 2019).

"Neher, Edwin." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved January 19, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.