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Metapontum (mĕtəpŏn´təm), ancient city of Magna Graecia, on the Gulf of Taranto, SE Italy. Settled by Greeks, c.7th cent. BC, it flourished and gave refuge to Pythagoreans expelled from Crotona. Pythagoras taught and died there. There are remains of a Doric temple, called Tavole Paladine, and other ruins.