Ismail (shah of Persia)
Ismail (Ĭsmäēl´), 1486–1524, shah of Persia (1502–24), founder of the Safavid dynasty. He restored Persia to the position of a sovereign state for the first time since the Arab invasion of Persia. Ismail established the Shiite form of Islam as the state religion; this gained him the animosity of the Uzbeks and the Ottoman Turks, who were Sunni Muslims. He warred on the Uzbeks successfully in 1510, and Selim I attacked him in 1514, thus initiating a long series of border wars between the Ottoman Turks and the Persians.
"Ismail (shah of Persia)." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ismail-shah-persia
"Ismail (shah of Persia)." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved July 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ismail-shah-persia