Miguel Hernández (mēgĕl´ ārnän´dĕs), 1910–42, Spanish poet, b. Orihuela. A completely self-taught writer, he absorbed the influence of the poets of the Golden Age and of the generation of García Lorca. His poetry, both tender and vigorous, reflects his own experience with war, death, and social injustice. His works include Cancionero y romancero de ausencias (1939; tr. Songbook of Absences, 1972). A supporter of the Republicans during the Spanish civil war, although never a combatant, he was imprisoned (1940) as a traitor by the Franco government and died in prison. The Spanish government did not officially rehabilitate him until 2010.