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Goiânia (gŏŏyä´nyə), city (1996 pop. 998,520), capital of Goiás state, S central Brazil. A modern planned city, it was built to replace the old city of Goiás as state capital and was inaugurated as such in 1937. It is a shipping and processing center for a region producing cattle, minerals, and agricultural commodities. Goiânia is the seat of a federal university (est. 1964) and of several technical schools.