eThekwini, metropolitan municipality (2011 pop. 3,422,361), 885 sq mi (2,291 sq km), KwaZulu-Natal prov., E South Africa, on the Indian Ocean. Durban is the municipal seat; other communities include Umlazi, Chatsworth, Kwa-Mashu, Phoenix, and Inanda. The municipality was formed in 2000 from seven independent local councils and tribal lands. Industries include sugar refining, shipbuilding and ship repairing, petroleum refining, fishing, and automobile assembly. It is also a popular resort area.