Derzhavin, Gavril Romanovich
Gavril Romanovich Derzhavin (gəvrēl´ rəmä´nəvĬch dyĬrzhä´vĬn), 1743–1816, Russian classical poet. His satirical ode to Catherine II, Felitsa (1782), won her favor, and he became poet laureate and later Minister of Justice. The Ode to God (1784, tr. in B. G. Guerney, A Treasury of Russian Literature, 1943) is the most famous of his many lyrics. His poetry and memoirs present a rich and complex portrait of his time.
See biography by J. V. Clardy (1967).