Crofton, Sir John Wenman
Sir John Wenman Crofton, 1912–2009, British physician, b. Dublin. He served in the British medical corps during World War II and during 1946–52 was part of a research team studying the effects of streptomycin on tuberculosis (TB). In 1952 he was named chairman of the department of respiratory diseases at the Univ. of Edinburgh at the time of a severe TB epidemic. He and other researchers had had some success in preventing drug resistance in TB by using para-aminosalicylic acid with streptomycin, and he led a team of doctors who developed a successful TB treatment by adding a third drug, isoniazid, to the regimen. This multidrug approach to treatment, which Crofton pioneered, is now also the model for therapy in such diseases as cancer and AIDS. He retired from the university in 1977 but continued to serve as a consultant on TB and, later, as an adviser on tobacco to the World Health Organization.
"Crofton, Sir John Wenman." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 20, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/crofton-sir-john-wenman
"Crofton, Sir John Wenman." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved March 20, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/crofton-sir-john-wenman
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.