Bainbridge Colby, 1869–1950, U.S. lawyer and public official, b. St. Louis. Upon graduation (1891) from Columbia law school, he began law practice in New York City and became active in Republican politics. He left the party with Theodore Roosevelt (1912) to found the National Progressive party (see Progressive party). During World War I he served on the U.S. Shipping Board and he became (Mar., 1920) secretary of state in President Wilson's cabinet. He became a close confidant of Wilson, with whom he practiced law (1921–22) after Wilson's term of office ended.
See his Close of the Wilson Administration and the Final Years (1930).