Cîmpulung (kəmpŏŏlōōng´), town (1990 pop. 43,389), S central Romania, in Walachia, on the southern slope of the Transylvanian Alps. A commercial center, it has industries producing automobiles and metal and wood products. It is also a summer resort. Founded in the 12th cent. by German colonists, Cîmpulung became the capital of Walachia in the 13th cent. The town has a 13th-century monastery with a tower and a 14th-century church (restored 17th–18th cent.).