Skip to main content

Charcot, Jean Baptiste

Jean Baptiste Charcot (zhäN bätēst´ shärkō´), 1867–1936, French neurologist and explorer in the antarctic region; son of Jean Martin Charcot. He became (1896) director of clinics at the Univ. of Paris but soon gave up medicine for exploration. In two voyages (1903–7, 1908–10) he surveyed the west coast of the Antarctic Peninsula, obtaining valuable scientific data. After 1920, Charcot made seven scientific voyages to Greenland aboard his ship, the Pourquoi Pas?. In 1935 he came out of retirement for a final expedition to Greenland. Crashing into a reef, Charcot went down with his celebrated ship off the coast of Iceland. His antarctic voyages were recorded in his Le Pourquoi Pas? dans l'antarctique (1910, tr. The Voyage of the Why Not? in the Antarctic, 1911).

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Charcot, Jean Baptiste." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 20 Mar. 2018 <>.

"Charcot, Jean Baptiste." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (March 20, 2018).

"Charcot, Jean Baptiste." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved March 20, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.