Enrico Berlinguer (ənrēkō bûr´lĬngûr), 1922–84, Italian political leader. Born into a wealthy yet politically radical family, Berlinguer joined the Communist party in 1943 and eventually became its secretary-general (1972–84). He advocated a moderate form of Communism, was a leading advocate of the "Eurocommunist" movement of the mid-1970s, and proposed a "historic compromise" : an alliance between the Roman Catholics and the Communists. In the 1976 parliamentary elections his party won 36% of the vote. He was instrumental in supporting the coalition government of Giulio Andreotti.
"Berlinguer, Enrico." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/berlinguer-enrico
"Berlinguer, Enrico." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved September 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/berlinguer-enrico