Barnard, George Grey
George Grey Barnard, 1863–1938, American sculptor, b. Bellefonte, Pa. He studied engraving, then sculpture, first at the Art Institute of Chicago, then at the École des Beaux-Arts, Paris. A strong Rodin influence is evident in his early work, such as Two Natures (Metropolitan Mus.). In 1912 he completed several figures for the new state capitol at Harrisburg, Pa. A colossal statue of Lincoln, in 1917, was the subject of heated controversy because of its rough-hewn features and slouching stance. It is now in Manchester, England, and a replica is in Cincinnati. Interested in medieval art, Barnard gathered discarded fragments of Gothic works from French villages. He established this collection near his home in Washington Heights, New York City, in a building that he called the Cloisters. Others of Barnard's sculptures are The God Pan (Columbia Univ.), The Hewer (Cairo, Ill.), and Rising Woman and Adam and Eve (both: Rockefeller estate, at Pocantico Hills, N.Y.). At the time of his death he was at work on the 100-ft (30-km) Rainbow Arch, a memorial to peace.
"Barnard, George Grey." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 15, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/barnard-george-grey
"Barnard, George Grey." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/barnard-george-grey
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.