Skip to main content

Amenhotep III

Amenhotep III (ä´mĕnhō´tĕp, ā´–) or Amenophis III (ă´mĕnō´fĬs), d. c.1372 BC, king of ancient Egypt, of the XVIII dynasty. He succeeded his father, Thutmose IV, c.1411 BC His reign marks the culmination and the start of the decline of the XVIII dynasty. It was the age of Egypt's greatest splendor; there was peace in his Asian empire (in spite of incursions by Bedouins and Hittites), and he invaded Nubia only once. This was the period of extreme elaboration in Egyptian architecture and sculpture. Amenhotep III built extensively at Thebes, Luxor, and Karnak. His wife Tiy was given an unprecedented position as queen consort and exerted much influence over her husband and his son and successor, Ikhnaton (Amenhotep IV). The sources of the "solar monotheism" of the god Aton, elaborated by Ikhnaton, may be traced to the reign of Amenhotep III. Tablets found at Tell el Amarna shed light on the sociopolitical conditions in Egypt and Asia Minor in the 14th cent. BC

See biographies by J. Fletcher (2000) and A. P. Kozloff (2011); study by D. O'Connor (2001).

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Amenhotep III." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 18 Apr. 2018 <>.

"Amenhotep III." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (April 18, 2018).

"Amenhotep III." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved April 18, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.