Robel v. United States 389 U.S. 258 (1967)
ROBEL v. UNITED STATES 389 U.S. 258 (1967)
Over two dissents, the warren court struck down on first amendment grounds a section of the subversive activities control act of 1950 that prohibited the employment of members of the Communist party in "defense facilities" designated by the secretary of defense. Because the statute failed to distinguish between those who supported the unlawful goals of the party and those who did not, wrote Chief Justice earl warren, its overbreadth violated the right of association protected by the first amendment. Warren rejected government arguments seeking to justify the provision by the war power and national security interests. "It would indeed be ironic if, in the name of national defense, we would sanction the subversion of one of those liberties—the freedom of association—which makes the defense of the Nation worthwhile." Justices byron r. white and john marshall harlan dissented, observing that the majority "arrogates to itself an independent judgement of the requirements of national security."
Michael E. Parrish
"Robel v. United States 389 U.S. 258 (1967)." Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 19, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/robel-v-united-states-389-us-258-1967
"Robel v. United States 389 U.S. 258 (1967)." Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. . Retrieved April 19, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/robel-v-united-states-389-us-258-1967
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.