Lau v. Nichols 414 U.S. 563 (1974)
LAU v. NICHOLS 414 U.S. 563 (1974)
San Francisco failed to provide non-English-speaking students of Chinese ancestry with an adequate education. The Supreme Court, without dissent, found such an effect to violate Title VI of the civil rights act of 1964 even absent any intent to discriminate against the students. Lau 's employment of an "effects" test under Title VI may not have survived regents of the university of california v. bakke (1978), a question that divided the Court in Guardians Association v. Civil Service Commission (1983). Congress later expressed approval of Lau in enacting legislation to assist non-English-speaking students.