Food, Drug, And Cosmetic Act 52 Stat. 1040 (1938)
FOOD, DRUG, AND COSMETIC ACT 52 Stat. 1040 (1938)
Grounded on the commerce clause, this act was a sweeping revision of the pure food and drug act of 1906. It passed Congress after a five-year struggle and then only because of an uproar caused by nearly one hundred deaths from a new drug. Despite extensive compromise, this act substantially strengthened earlier legislation, affording greater consumer protection. Different chapters of the law dealt at length with food, drugs, and cosmetics, expanding coverage and increasing penalties. The act prohibited shipment in interstate commerce of adulterated or misbranded products and broadened the definition of these terms. Indicative of the act's thrust, one section authorized the secretary of agriculture to establish standards of quality for foods to "promote honesty and fair dealing in the interest of consumers." Misbranding received special attention: imitations were to be clearly marked, flavoring or coloring additives noted, and the use of habit-forming ingredients was to be indicated on the label. Drugs had to meet federal formulations or disclose the differences. New drugs would have to pass rigorous tests. Congress partly remedied one of the act's weaknesses, a less stringent control over false advertising, in the Wheeler-Lea Act of the same year. The Supreme Court sustained the act in united states v. sullivan (1947).
"Food, Drug, And Cosmetic Act 52 Stat. 1040 (1938)." Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. . Encyclopedia.com. 14 Jan. 2019 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.
"Food, Drug, And Cosmetic Act 52 Stat. 1040 (1938)." Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 14, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/food-drug-and-cosmetic-act-52-stat-1040-1938
"Food, Drug, And Cosmetic Act 52 Stat. 1040 (1938)." Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. . Retrieved January 14, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/food-drug-and-cosmetic-act-52-stat-1040-1938
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.