Skip to main content

Sharansky, Natan (1948–)

SHARANSKY, NATAN (1948–)

Israeli political figure, born in the Ukraine, in the Soviet Union. Natan Scharansky graduated from the Moscow Institute of Physics and became an activist for human rights. He was imprisoned in 1973 for his opposition to the Soviet regime. In 1977, accused of "treason and espionage" on behalf of the American Central Intelligence Agency, he was sentenced to thirteen years of forced labor. His wife organized an international campaign that allowed him to be freed after nine years. In February 1986 he was exchanged for Eastern-bloc spies in Western custody. After a few weeks in Berlin, Sharansky emigrated to Israel, where he worked to integrate Soviet immigrants, who represented a considerable political bloc, into Israeli society. In 1988 he created the Zionist Forum of Soviet Union Jews, a center-right political grouping. He was courted by both Likud and the Labor Party. In June 1995, along with his friend Yuli Edelstein, he created the Israel be-Aliyah Party, which in the platform published on the following 1 November upheld "the inalienable rights of the Israeli people over the country of Israel, from the Mediterranean to the Jordan" and rejected the creation of a Palestinian state, while recommending autonomy for the Occupied Territories.

In the May 1996 parliamentary elections, Sharansky's party won seven seats in the Knesset. A few weeks later, Sharansky was named minister of commerce and industry in the government of Benjamin Netanyahu. Three years later he became minister of the interior in the Labor government of Ehud Barak. On 9 July 2000, opposing the Israeli-Palestinian summit in Washington, D.C. that Barak was participating in, Sharansky resigned his post in the Labor government. On 7 March 2001, after the election for prime minister, he was appointed minister of housing and construction in the cabinet of Likud's Ariel Sharon. In 2003 he became minister for diaspora, social, and Jerusalem affairs. In this capacity he has lectured widely on the topic of anti-Semitism and its connection to anti-Israel sentiment.

SEE ALSO Barak, Ehud; Israel be-Aliyah; Israel Labor Party; Knesset; Likud; Netanyahu, Benjamin; Sharon, Ariel.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Sharansky, Natan (1948–)." Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Sharansky, Natan (1948–)." Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 15, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sharansky-natan-1948

"Sharansky, Natan (1948–)." Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. . Retrieved November 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sharansky-natan-1948

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.