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pistachio

pistachio (pĬstăsh´ēō, pĬstä´shēō), tree or shrub (of the genus Pistacia) of the family Anacardiaceae (sumac family). The species that yields the pistachio nut of commerce is P. vera, native to SW Asia. It is now cultivated on a small scale in parts of the SW United States and in many of the warmer parts of Europe and Asia; the trade supply comes largely from Iran, Syria, Afghanistan, Italy, and Sicily. The "nut," a greenish seed, is eaten salted and is used in making confections. In Syria and some other countries it is more widely used and is traditional at weddings and on other occasions. A flavoring oil is derived from the nuts. Related species include the terebinth, or turpentine tree; the Chinese pistachio, P. chinensis, grown in Florida and California both for ornament and as grafting stock for P. vera; and the mastic (P. lentiscus). Pistachio is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Anacardiaceae.

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pistachio

pis·tach·i·o / pəˈstashēˌō/ • n. (pl. -os) 1. (also pistachio nut) the edible pale green seed of an Asian tree. ∎  (also pistachio green) a pale green color. 2. the evergreen tree (Pistacia vera) of the cashew family that produces this nut, with small brownish-green flowers and reddish wrinkled fruit borne in heavy clusters. ORIGIN: late Middle English pistace, based on Greek pistakion, from Old Persian.

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pistachio

pistachio Fruit of Pistacchio vera; yellow‐green coloured nut. May be roasted and salted or used as flavouring for ice cream and (Indian) hot, sweet, milk beverage. A 60‐g portion (weighed with shells) is a source of protein, vitamins B1, E, and niacin; contains 18 g of fat, of which 10% is saturated and 50% mono‐unsaturated; supplies 200 kcal (840 kJ).

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pistachio

pistachio Deciduous tree native to the Mediterranean region and e Asia. It is grown commercially for the edible greenish seed (the pistachio nut) of its wrinkled red fruit. Height: to 6m (20ft). Family Anacardiaceae; species Pistacia vera.

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pistachio

pistachio XVI. Earlier pistachie, pistace — OF. pistace, (also mod.) -ache; superseded by Sp. pistacho; ult. — L. pistācium — Gr. pistákion, -ákē; cf. Pers. pista.

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pistachio

pistachio See PISTACIA.

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pistachio

pistachio •Cleo • Carpaccio • Boccaccio •capriccio • braggadocio • Palladio •cardio • radio • video • audio • rodeo •studio •Caravaggio, DiMaggio •adagio •arpeggio, Correggio •Sergio • radicchio • Tokyo • intaglio •seraglio •billy-o, punctilio •folio, imbroglio, olio, polio, portfolio •cameo • Romeo •Borneo, Tornio •Antonio • Scipio • Scorpio •barrio, Mario •impresario, Lothario, Polisario, Rosario, scenario •stereo • embryo •Blériot, Ontario •vireo • Florio •oratorio, Oreo •curio • Ajaccio • Lazio • nuncio •pistachio •fellatio, Horatio, ratio •ab initio, ex officio •patio • Subbuteo • physio

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