Pistachio

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PISTACHIO

PISTACHIO (Heb. בָּטְנָה; botnah), the tree and fruit of the Pistacia vera, a dioecious tree. The female tree produces reddish clusters of nuts with a white shell and a greenish kernel of delicate flavor. The word occurs only once in the Bible, in the plural, (Heb. בָּטְנִים (botnim)), among the "choice fruits of the land" sent by Jacob to the ruler of Egypt (Gen. 43:11). The Samaritan translation of the word is biẓtekin, i.e., pistachio. The Mishnah calls the tree botnah (Shev. 7:5) and its fruit pistakin. They were grown in Israel, and subject to tithes (tj, Ma'as, 1:2, 48d). Two members of its genus, Pistacia palaestina and Pistacia atlantica, are indigenous to Ereẓ Israel but the fruit is hardly edible. It was customary, however, to graft the pistachio onto the branches of these species whose trees and fruit are called botmin (Ar. but'm) in the Talmud. The pistachio tree is similar to the latter, but its nuts taste like the almond, and in consequence the ancients thought it to be a hybrid of these two species (tj, Kil. 1:4, 27a). In modern Hebrew botnim is used to designate peanuts. The identification is erroneous, for not only was the peanut brought from the Americas, but it is not a tree, as botnim definitely are, according to the Mishnah.

bibliography:

Loew, Flora, 1 (1926), 190–200; J. Feliks, Kilei Zera'im ve-Harkavah (1967), 106–7; idem, in: Olam ha-Ẓome'aḥ ha-Mikra'i (19682), 64–65; H.N. and A.L. Moldenke, Plants of the Bible (1952), 319 (index), s.v. Pistachio and Pistacia. add. bibliography: J. Feliks, Ha-Ẓome'aḥ, 125, 179.

[Jehuda Feliks]

pistachio

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pis·tach·i·o / pəˈstashēˌō/ • n. (pl. -os) 1. (also pistachio nut) the edible pale green seed of an Asian tree. ∎  (also pistachio green) a pale green color. 2. the evergreen tree (Pistacia vera) of the cashew family that produces this nut, with small brownish-green flowers and reddish wrinkled fruit borne in heavy clusters.ORIGIN: late Middle English pistace, based on Greek pistakion, from Old Persian.

pistachio

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pistachio Fruit of Pistacchio vera; yellow‐green coloured nut. May be roasted and salted or used as flavouring for ice cream and (Indian) hot, sweet, milk beverage. A 60‐g portion (weighed with shells) is a source of protein, vitamins B1, E, and niacin; contains 18 g of fat, of which 10% is saturated and 50% mono‐unsaturated; supplies 200 kcal (840 kJ).

pistachio

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pistachio Deciduous tree native to the Mediterranean region and e Asia. It is grown commercially for the edible greenish seed (the pistachio nut) of its wrinkled red fruit. Height: to 6m (20ft). Family Anacardiaceae; species Pistacia vera.

pistachio

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pistachio XVI. Earlier pistachie, pistace — OF. pistace, (also mod.) -ache; superseded by Sp. pistacho; ult. — L. pistācium — Gr. pistákion, -ákē; cf. Pers. pista.

pistachio

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pistachio See PISTACIA.