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dock

dock1 / däk/ • n. a structure extending alongshore or out from the shore into a body of water, to which boats may be moored: the gangplank was lowered to the dock. ∎  an enclosed area of water in a port for the loading, unloading, and repair of ships. ∎  (docks) a group of such enclosed areas of water along with the wharves and buildings near them. ∎  short for dry dock. ∎  (also loading dock) a platform for loading or unloading trucks or freight trains. • v. [intr.] (of a ship) tie up at a dock, esp. in order to load or unload passengers or cargo: the ship docked at San Francisco. ∎  [tr.] bring (a ship or boat) into such a place: the riverbank where the fur traders docked their boats. ∎  (of a spacecraft) join with a space station or another spacecraft in space. ∎  attach (a piece of equipment) to another: the user wants to dock a portable into a desktop computer. dock2 • v. [tr.] (usu. be docked) deduct (something, esp. an amount of money): their wages are docked for public displays of affection | he will be docked an hour's pay. ∎  cut short (an animal's tail): fifteen of the dogs had had their tails docked. ∎  cut short the tail of (an animal): the dog had been docked. • n. the solid bony or fleshy part of an animal's tail, excluding the hair. ∎  the stump left after a tail has been docked. dock3 • n. (usu. the dock) the enclosure in a criminal court where a defendant is placed. PHRASES: in the dock (of a defendant) on trial in court. dock4 • n. a coarse weed (genus Rumex, family Polygonaceae) of temperate regions, with inconspicuous greenish or reddish flowers. The leaves are popularly used to relieve nettle stings.

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dock

dock 2 solid fleshy part of a horse's tail; crupper XIV; cut end. stump XVI. perh. identical with OE. -docca (or-e) in fingerdoccan finger-muscles, and corr. to Fris. dok bunch. ball (of twine, etc.), (M)LG. docke bundle of straw. OHG. tocka (south G. docke) doll; the meanings point to a basic sense ‘something round’.
Hence as vb. cut short, curtail. XIV.

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dock

dock Any of more than 200 species of flowering plants native to n USA and Europe. Curled dock (Rumex crispus) has scaly brown flowers and oblong leaves with curly margins. Dock leaves are a country remedy for nettle stings. Family Polygonaceae.

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dock

dock 3 †bed or hollow in which a ship rests at low water; artificial basin for the reception of ships. XVI. — MLG., MDu. docke (mod. dok), of unkn. orig.
Hence dock vb. XVI. docker dweller near docks XVIII; dock labourer XIX.

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Dock

DOCK

To curtail or diminish, as, for example, to dock a person's wages for lateness or poor work. The cage or enclosed space in a criminal court where prisoners stand when brought in for trial.

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dock

dock 4 prisoner's enclosure in a criminal court. XVI. prob. rogues' cant and identical with the word repr. by Flemish dok cage, pen, hutch, of unkn. orig.

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dock

dock 1 coarse weed of genus Rumex. OE. docce, corr. to MDu. docke, of unkn. orig.

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dock

dock, in botany: see buckwheat.

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dock

dockad hoc, amok, Bangkok, baroque, belle époque, bloc, block, bock, brock, chock, chock-a-block, clock, cock, crock, doc, dock, floc, flock, frock, hock, hough, interlock, jock, knock, langue d'oc, lock, Locke, Médoc, mock, nock, o'clock, pock, post hoc, roc, rock, schlock, shock, smock, sock, Spock, stock, wok, yapok •manioc • Antioch • sjambok •gemsbok • rhebok • steenbok •springbok • grysbok • Lombok •Zadok • Languedoc •burdock, Murdoch •hollyhock • forehock • spatchcock •blackcock • Hancock • petcock •haycock • gamecock •Leacock, peacock, seacock •Hickok • Hitchcock • poppycock •stopcock • gorcock •Alcock, ballcock •monocoque • woodcock • shuttlecock •moorcock • weathercock

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