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columbine (in botany)

columbine (kŏl´əmbīn), any plant of the genus Aquilegia, temperate-zone perennials of the family Ranunculaceae (buttercup family), popular both as wildflowers and as garden flowers. Columbines have delicate and attractive foliage and flower petals with long spurs that secrete nectar. The common Eastern red-and-yellow-flowered wild columbine (A. canadensis), frequenting rocky places, is also called rockbell; it is a favorite of hummingbirds, and Native Americans made an infusion of the seeds for headache and fever. The blue-and-white-flowered A. coerulea of the Rockies is the state flower of Colorado. The common European columbine (A. vulgaris), blue, white, or purple flowered, has been the source of many cultivars—some double and of various soft colors. Columbine is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Ranunculales, family Ranunculaceae.

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columbine

co·lum·bine / ˈkäləmˌbīn/ • n. an aquilegia with long-spurred flowers. • Genus Aquilegia, family Ranunculaceae: several species, including the white-flowered Colorado blue columbine (A. coerulea) with blue sepals, and the red-flowered A. canadensis.

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columbine

columbine Any of c.100 species of perennial herbaceous plant native to cool climates of the Northern Hemisphere. They have five-petalled, spurred flowers and notched leaflets. Height: to 90cm (3ft). Family Ranunculaceae; genus Aquilegia.

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Columbine

Columbine a character in Italian commedia dell'arte, the mistress of Harlequin; the name comes via French from Italian Colombina, feminine of colombino ‘dovelike’, from colombo ‘dove’.

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Columbine

Columbine (orig. in It. comedy) the mistress of Harlequin. XVIII. — F. Colombine — It. Colombina, sb. use of fem. of colombino dove-like in gentleness (cf. prec.).

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columbine

columbine dove-like. XIV. — (O)F. colombin, -ine — L. columbīnus, f. columba dove. As sb., name of plants. XIII. — OF. colombine — medL. columbīna (sc. herba) ‘dove's plant’, so called from the resemblance of the inverted flower to five pigeons clustered together.

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Columbine (in the commedia dell'arte)

Columbine: see commedia dell'arte.

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columbine

columbine See AQUILEGIA.

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columbine

columbinealign, assign, benign, brine, chine, cline, combine, condign, confine, consign, dine, divine, dyne, enshrine, entwine, fine, frontline, hardline, interline, intertwine, kine, Klein, line, Main, malign, mine, moline, nine, on-line, opine, outshine, pine, Rhein, Rhine, shine, shrine, sign, sine, spine, spline, stein, Strine, swine, syne, thine, tine, trine, twine, Tyne, underline, undermine, vine, whine, wine •Sabine • carbine • Holbein • woodbine •concubine • columbine • turbine •sardine • Aldine • muscadine •celandine • anodyne • androgyne

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