Corn Borer, European
CORN BORER, EUROPEAN
CORN BORER, EUROPEAN. Introduced through southern European broom corn into the United States about 1910, the European corn borer spread into nearly every major corn-growing area of the country, causing an estimated loss of 313,819,000 bushels of corn in 1949. The insect also attacks nearly all herbaceous plants large enough for its larvae to enter. Extensive research by entomologists in the state and federal governments, stimulated by the appropriation of $10 million, began in 1922. Although as of 2002 the insect still caused considerable damage, the introduction of inbred corn lines and hybrids resistant to the borers, the development of controls involving the use of insecticides, and the introduction of parasites had materially reduced annual losses.
Baker, W. A., W. G. Bradley, and C. A. Clark, Biological Control of the European Corn Borer in the United States. Washington, D.C.: 1949.
Brindley, T. A., and F. F. Dicke, "Significant Developments in European Corn Borer Research," Annual Review of Entomology 8 (1963): 155–176.
Tom A.Brindley/c. w.
"Corn Borer, European." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 23, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/corn-borer-european
"Corn Borer, European." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved May 23, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/corn-borer-european
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.
European corn borer
European corn borer: see corn borer.
"European corn borer." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 23, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/european-corn-borer
"European corn borer." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved May 23, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/european-corn-borer