abalone

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abalone (ăbəlō´nē), popular name in the United States for a univalve gastropod mollusk of the genus Haliotis, members of which are also called ear shells, or sea ears, as their shape resembles the human ear. The shell provides a rooflike covering for the abalone and is perforated by a row of holes on one side through which the animal respires. The iridescent mother-of-pearl shell lining is used to make buttons and other articles. Before protective legislation was enacted, much of the dried flesh and some shells were exported to Asia. Abalone are classified in the phylum Mollusca, class Gastropoda, order Archeogastropoda, family Haliotidae.

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ab·a·lo·ne / ˌabəˈlōnē; ˈabəˌlōnē/ • n. an edible mollusk (genus Haliotis, family Haliotidae) of warm seas that has a shallow ear-shaped shell lined with mother-of-pearl and pierced with respiratory holes. ORIGIN: mid 19th cent.: via Latin American Spanish from aulun, from an American Indian language of Monterey Bay, California.

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abaloneabalone, Albinoni, Annigoni, Antonioni, baloney, Bodoni, boloney, bony, calzone, cannelloni, canzone, cicerone, coney, conversazione, coronae, crony, Gaborone, Giorgione, macaroni, Manzoni, Marconi, mascarpone, minestrone, Moroni, Mulroney, padrone, panettoni, pepperoni, phoney, polony, pony, rigatoni, Shoshone, Sloaney, stony, Toni, tony, zabaglione •cartoony, lacunae, loony, Moonie, moony, Nguni, puny, Rooney, spoony, uni •Sunni •bunny, dunny, funny, gunny, honey, money, runny, sonny, sunny, tunny •twopenny • chutney • beermoney

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abalone A shellfish (mollusc), Haliotus splendens, H. rufescens, H. cracherodii, also sometimes called ormer, or sea ear. A 100‐g portion is a rich source of protein and niacin; a source of iron and vitamin B1; supplies 130 kcal (550 kJ).

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abalone (ormer) Gastropod mollusc with a single, flattened, spiral shell perforated by a row of respiratory holes. They are found in the shallows of rocky shores. Abalones are eaten and their shells used as ornaments. Length: to 30cm (12in). Family Haliotidae; species include Haliotis rufescens.