Caprimulgidae (night-hawks, nightjars; class Aves, order Caprimulgiformes)
A family of grey-brown, long-winged birds that have white patches on the wings and tail, elongated retrices
, and in some species inner primaries
. The middle toe is pectinate
. They inhabit deserts, open wooded areas, and forests, and are ground-nesting. Many are migratory. Caprimulgus
species are typical nightjars: aerial insectivores, they are nocturnal or crepuscular
and make a variety of churring and whistling sounds. Caprimulgus vociferus
(whip-poor-will) is named after its call. There are 19 genera, with 75–80 species, found world-wide.
a nocturnal insectivorous bird (Caprimulgus and other genera) with gray-brown camouflaged plumage, large eyes and gape, and a distinctive call. Also called goatsucker. The
nightjar family also includes the nighthawks, pauraques, poor-wills, whip-poor-wills, and chuck-will's-widow.
Insect-eating, nocturnal bird found worldwide. It has a whirring cry. Length: 27cm (10.5in). Family Caprimulgidae.