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Marion

Marion:1 City (1990 pop. 14,545), seat of Williamson co., S Ill.; inc. 1841. It is the commercial and retail center of a farm and coal area and has a large soft drink bottling plant. A maximum-security federal prison is nearby. Robert Ingersoll and John A. Logan lived in Marion.

2 City (1990 pop. 32,618), seat of Grant co., E central Ind., on the Mississinewa River; settled 1826, inc. 1889. It is a trade, processing, and industrial center in a farm area. Its diversified manufactures include auto parts, glassware, paper, and electronic equipment. The city developed with the discovery of gas and oil in the late 1880s. It is the seat of Indiana Wesleyan Univ., and Taylor Univ. is in nearby Upland.

3 City (1990 pop. 20,403), Linn co., E central Iowa, adjoining Cedar Rapids; inc. 1865. Manufactures include furniture, machinery, feeds and fertilizers, and plastic and electrical products. Flour and dairy products are also produced.

4 City (1990 pop. 34,075), seat of Marion co., central Ohio; inc. 1830. A rail, industrial, and agricultural center, it is noted for its production of power shovels, cranes, road-building equipment, and appliances. Limestone quarries are in the area. Marion was the home of President Warren G. Harding; his house is preserved as a museum, and his burial place is marked by a circular marble monument. A branch of Ohio State Univ. is in the city.

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Grand Prairie

GRAND PRAIRIE

GRAND PRAIRIE, a geographical division of north Texas extending about 200 miles south from the Red River, two to three counties in width. The Grand Prairie, in combination with the Black Prairie, formed the Cretaceous Prairies of Texas. Deep, clay subsoil covered most of the Grand Prairie, and, along with the dense root structure of prairie grasses, posed a formidable challenge to early settlers interested in farming. The Grand Prairie's period of settlement and county organization was 1846–1858. Its luxuriant grass made it the first important cattle-grazing region of Texas, and the quality of its soil and nearness to timber made it an early prairie farming area.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Connor, Seymour V. Texas: A History. New York: Crowell, 1971.

Greer, J. K. Grand Prairie. Dallas, Tex.: Tardy, 1935.

L. W.Newton/f. h.

See alsoAgriculture ; Cattle ; Prairie .

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Grand Prairie

Grand Prairie, city (1990 pop. 99,616), Dallas and Tarrant counties, N Tex., halfway between Dallas and Fort Worth; inc. 1909. Located in a highly urbanized and rapidly growing area, the city's boom caused its population to double between 1970 and 1990. Grand Prairie is a distribution center with a large aerospace industry. Other industries include food packaging and the manufacture of tools, machinery, furniture, and electronic and excavating equipment. A nearby auto assembly plant adds to the city's economy. The "Six Flags over Texas" amusement park is nearby.

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