Cherokee Strip

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CHEROKEE STRIP

CHEROKEE STRIP, a 12,000-square-mile area in Oklahoma between 96 and 100 degrees west longitude and 36 and 37 degrees north latitude. Guaranteed to the Cherokees by treaties of 1828 and 1833 as an outlet—the term "strip" is actually inaccurate—it was not to be permanently settled. The treaty of 1866 compelled the Cherokee Nation to sell portions to friendly Indians.

The Cherokee Nation leased the strip in 1883 to the Cherokee Strip Livestock Association for five years at $100,000 a year. In 1891 the United States purchased the Cherokee Strip for $8,595,736.12. Opened by a land run on 16 September 1893, it became part of the Oklahoma Territory.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Marquis, James. The Cherokee Strip: A Tale of an Oklahoma Boyhood. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1993. Originally published New York: Viking Press, 1945.

Savage, William W. The Cherokee Strip Live Stock Association: Federal Regulation and the Cattleman's Last Frontier. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1973.

M. L.Wardell/c. w.

See alsoCherokee ; Land Policy .

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Cherokee Strip or Cherokee Outlet, a narrow piece of land in N Oklahoma. Bounded on the north by the Kansas border, it has an area of more than 6 million acres (2.4 million hectares). Measuring some 50 mi (80 km) wide, it extends about 200 mi (322 km) east from the eastern end of the state's panhandle. The area once constituted the western extension of Cherokee Nation lands and was sold to the United States in 1891. The Strip was opened to non–Native American settlement on Sept. 19, 1893, precipitating the greatest land run in U.S. history, in which more than 50,000 staked claims. Oklahoma cities that sprang from the prairie that day include Alva, Enid, Ponca City, and Woodward. The Cherokee Strip was included in the Oklahoma Territory and later (1907) became part of the new state.