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Abraham, Plains of

ABRAHAM, PLAINS OF

ABRAHAM, PLAINS OF, on the west side of the city of Quebec, were named after Abraham Martin, a Quebec pilot, who once owned part of the land. They were the scene, in 1759, of the battle for the heavily fortressed and seemingly impregnable city of Quebec, which, when it fell, brought an end to the dream of French empire in North America. In addition, the battle resulted in the death of two great generals, James Wolfe of Great Britain and Louis Joseph de Montcalm of France. The site is now a Canadian national park.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Lloyd, Christopher. The Capture of Quebec. London: Batsford, 1959.

Donaldson, Gordon. Battle for a Continent: Quebec 1759. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1973.

Lawrence J.Burpee/c. w.

See alsoFrench and Indian War ; New France ; Quebec, Capture of .

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Abraham, Plains of

Plains of Abraham, fairly level field adjoining the upper part of the city of Quebec, Canada. There, in 1759, the English under Gen. James Wolfe defeated the French under Gen. Louis Montcalm. The battle decided the last of the French and Indian Wars and led to British supremacy in Canada. Part of the battle site is now built over, but a part is preserved as a national park.

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Plains of Abraham

Plains of Abraham: see Abraham, Plains of.

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