Skopje

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Skopje Capital of Macedonia, on the River Vardar. Founded in Roman times, it became capital of the Serbian Empire in the 14th century, fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1392, and incorporated into Yugoslavia in 1918. In 1963 an earthquake destroyed most of the city. Industries: metals, textiles, chemicals, glassware. Pop. (2002 est.) 448,600.

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