•ersatz • Graz
, Metz, pantalettes (US
, Gates, Trucial States, United States
, blitz, Fritz, glitz, it's, its, Ritz, spitz, spritz, St Kitts
•blewits • Colditz • rickets • giblets
•Austerlitz • Chemnitz • Leibniz
•Massachusetts • slivovitz
•Clausewitz • Auschwitz • Horowitz
• house lights
, orts, quartz
, John o'Groats, Oates
, Lutz, Perutz, putz
, klutz, Smuts
•Roberts • polyunsaturates
•megahertz • kilohertz • outskirts
•Helmholtz • schmaltz
, Northants, pants
•sweatpants • smarty-pants
•shin splints • Mainz • Y-fronts
•arrondissements • Barents
BIARRITZ , coastal town in southwestern France. The Jewish community dates to the beginning of the 17th century. In 1619, after disorders in St. Jean-de-Luz, many *Marranos left that town to settle in Biarritz; according to the contemporary Pierre l'Ancre they numbered 2,000. In the census of Jews taken in 1942, 168 families were registered in Biarritz. The present synagogue, built in 1904, contains the Torah scrolls, the Ark, and the silver candelabrum from the former synagogue of Peyrehorade. In 1968, the Biarritz community had 150 members, many of whom originated from North Africa.
Roth, Marranos, 223ff.; Laborde, in: Le Républicain du Sud Ouest (1963); Loeb, in: rej, 22 (1891), 111; Z. Szajkowski, Analytical Franco-Jewish Gazetteer (1966), 241.
a seaside resort in SW France, on the Bay of Biscay
, which was made fashionable after 1854 by Napoleon III and the Empress Eugénie; Biarritz later became especially popular with British visitors.