Biarritz

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BIARRITZ

BIARRITZ , coastal town in southwestern France. The Jewish community dates to the beginning of the 17th century. In 1619, after disorders in St. Jean-de-Luz, many *Marranos left that town to settle in Biarritz; according to the contemporary Pierre l'Ancre they numbered 2,000. In the census of Jews taken in 1942, 168 families were registered in Biarritz. The present synagogue, built in 1904, contains the Torah scrolls, the Ark, and the silver candelabrum from the former synagogue of Peyrehorade. In 1968, the Biarritz community had 150 members, many of whom originated from North Africa.

bibliography:

Roth, Marranos, 223ff.; Laborde, in: Le Républicain du Sud Ouest (1963); Loeb, in: rej, 22 (1891), 111; Z. Szajkowski, Analytical Franco-Jewish Gazetteer (1966), 241.

[Roger Berg]

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Biarritz (byärēts´), town (1990 pop. 28,887), Pyrénées-Atlantiques dept., SW France, on the Bay of Biscay near the Spanish border. An ancient fishing village, it was a favorite vacation spot of Napoleon III and Empress Eugénie, whose visits sparked the growth of Biarritz into one of the world's most fashionable sea resorts. The Museum of the Sea contains an aquarium and research center.

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Biarritz a seaside resort in SW France, on the Bay of Biscay, which was made fashionable after 1854 by Napoleon III and the Empress Eugénie; Biarritz later became especially popular with British visitors.