West Yorkshire, former metropolitan county, N central England. Created in the 1974 local government reorganization, the county largely embraced the Leeds conurbation and comprised five metropolitan districts (metropolitan boroughs): Calderdale, Bradford, Leeds, Wakefield, and Kirklees. The county was abolished in 1986, and the districts became responsible for all services except police, fire, and civil defense, which are supervised jointly. It remains a ceremonial county under the Lieutenancies Act.
The new metropolitan county of West Yorkshire
, established by the Local Government Act of 1972, was built upon the county boroughs of Leeds, Bradford, Halifax, Dewsbury, Huddersfield, and Wakefield. There were substantial changes compared with the old West Riding, which lost large areas in the north-west to Cumbria and Lancashire; Harrogate, Ripon, and Selby to North Yorkshire
; and a slice around Penistone and Cudworth to South Yorkshire
. It was abolished with the other metropolitan counties in 1985, and divided into the unitary authorities of Bradford, Calderdale (Halifax), Kirklees (Huddersfield), Leeds, and Wakefield.
J. A. Cannon
Metropolitan county in n
. It divides into five districts: Bradford
, Calderdale, Kirklees, Leeds
, and Wakefield (the county town). Area: 2036sq km (786sq mi). Pop. (1997) 2,115,400.