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Central Administrative region of central Scotland; the capital is Stirling. Major towns include Falkirk, Alloa, Grangemouth, and Dunblane. In the n lie the foothills of the Highlands, including the Trossachs. The s is drained chiefly by the River Forth and is the region's industrial base. Industries: brewing and distilling. The Firth of Forth cuts into the e of the region. Historic sites include Bannockburn battleground and Stirling Castle. Area: 2635sq km (913sq mi). Pop. (1991) 267,492.

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Alloa (ăl´ōə), town (1991 pop. 26,378), Clackmannanshire, central Scotland, on the Forth River. Textiles, engineering, brewing, and bottle making are the principal industries. A 15th-century tower on Mar's Hill marks the seat of the Erskines, earls of Mar.