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Loyalty Islands

Loyalty Islands

ETHNONYMS: Dehu, Iaai, Nengone, West Ouvean

There are four major resident groups in the Loyalty Islands of Melanesia: Dehu, also known as De'u, Drehu, Lifou, Lifu, and Min; Iaai, also known as Iai and Yai; Nengone, also known as Mare and Iwatenu; and West Ouvean, which is also known as Faga-Uvéa and Ouvean. In 1982 the population of the islands was approximately 22,100. The Loyalty Islands are located in the southwestern Pacific, just northeast of New Caledonia, which they were affiliated with in an areawide trading network. Dehu, Iaai, Nengone, and their various dialects are classified in the New Caledonian Group of the Austronesian Language Family. West Ouvean and its variants are classified in the Polynesian Group of Austronesian languages.

See also Ajie

Bibliography

Faivre, Jean Paul (1955). La nouvelle Calédonie: géographie et histoire, economie, démographie, ethnologie. Paris: Nouvelles Éditions Latines.

Guiart, Jean (1963). Structure de la chefferie en Mélanésie du sud. Paris: L'Institut d'Ethnologie, Université de Paris.

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Loyalty Islands

Loyalty Islands, coral group (1989 pop. 17,900), S Pacific, a part of the French overseas territory of New Caledonia. The group comprises three islands (Lifou, Maré, and Ouvéa) and many islets and has a total land area of c.800 sq mi (2,070 sq km). The chief exports are coconuts and copra.

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