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Ajaṇṭā

Ajaṇṭā. An impressive series of about twenty-eight (numbers vary because of interconnections) humanly constructed caves in W. India, cut into a cliff overlooking the Waghora River, Maharashtra. Started in the 2nd cent. BCE and continued until the 6th cent. CE Ajaṇṭā is a series of monastic residences (vihāras) with four associated caitya halls. The wall-paintings, from all periods of construction, reached a peak of achievement during the Gupta era (320–650 CE). This Gupta style celebrates a fusion of the sacred and the aristocratic, and, through the visits of Chinese pilgrims, exercised a powerful influence on the painting of the Tʾang (618–906 CE).

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Ajanta

Ajanta (əjŭn´tə), village, Maharashtra state, W central India, in the Ajanta Hills. The famous Ajanta caves, discovered in 1819, contain remarkable examples of Buddhist art. The caves, carved out of the side of a steep ravine, consist of chapels and monasteries dating from c.200 BC–AD 650 with magnificent frescoes and sculpture depicting scenes from the life of Buddha.

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Ajanta Caves

Ajanta Caves a series of caves in the state of Maharashtra, south central India, containing Buddhist frescoes and sculptures dating from the 1st century bc to the 7th century ad.

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