Gansu (Kansu) Province in nw central China, bordered e by Inner Mongolia; the capital is Lanzhou. The region became Chinese territory in the 3rd century bc. Wheat, cotton, rice, maize, and tobacco grow under irrigation. Mineral deposits include iron ore, oil, and coal. Area: 366,625sq km (141,550sq mi). Pop. (1998) 25,190,000.
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