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Charismatic Movement

Charismatic Movement

An interdenominational Christian renewal movement that began in the 1960s and has developed an international following, especially among members of the Roman Catholic church. It takes its name from the Greek word charisma, meaning "gifts," and emphasizes manifestations of the gifts of the Holy Spirit as described in First Corinthians, chapter 12, as a sign of the presence of the Holy Spirit. The movement began among members of the Full Gospel Businessman's Fellowship, an independent Pentecostal brotherhood, but quickly spread to Roman Catholic and mainline Protestant churches throughout the United States. There was controversy over whether its elements were based on genuine expressions of worship or impassioned outbursts of emotion. For a time, charismatic preachers were labeled as charlatans, and worshippers displaying charismatic expressions were ridiculed and dismissed as ignorant or unbalanced. By the early 1970s it had spread to Europe and gained important support from Belgian Cardinal Suenans.

The movement has been characterized by its acceptance of the importance of speaking in tongues (also known as glossolalia ), divine healing and prophecies as part of the grace of the power of the Holy Spirit; most meetings are for prayer and spirited singing and shouting; anointing the sick with oil is also often part of worship service. It has become a meeting ground between followers of the older Pentecostalism and people who manifest the gifts but are members of older denominations. As the movement matured through the 1980s, a number of new denominations evolved from it.

In time most evangelicals came to accept the charismatic movement and many of its practices. It is no longer unusual to see charismatics of many faithsBaptists, Catholics, Episcopalians, Lutheransas well as non-denominationalists, raising their hands and arms in prayer, and singing, dancing, and shouting in the Spirit.

Sources:

Ford, J. Massyngberde. The Pentecostal Experience. Paramus, N.J.: Paulist Press, 1970.

Grimes, Ronald L., Bill J. Leonard, Anne E. Patrick, and Wade Clark Roof. Religion and American Culture. 9, no. 2. (June 22, 1999): p. 131.

Manuel, David. Like a Mighty River. Orleans, Mass.: Rock Harbor Press, 1977.

Poloma, Margaret M. The Charismatic Movement: Is There a New Pentecost? Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1982.

Quebedeaux, Richard. The New Charismatics: The Origins, Development and Significance of Neo-Pentecostalism. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1976.

Ranaghan, Kevin, and Dorothy Ranaghan. Catholic Pentecostals. New York: Paulist Press, 1969.

Robey, Steve and Steve Rabey. Revival in Brownsville : Pensacola, Pentecostalism, and the Power of American Revivalism. Nashville, Tenn.: Thomas Nelson, 1999.

Samarin, William J. Tongues of Men and Angels. New York: Macmillan, 1972.

Williams, J. Rodman. "Should We All Speak in Tongues?" Christianity Today (March 6, 2000): 84.

Woodworth-Etter, Maria Beulah. The Holy Spirit. Whitaker House, 1998.

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Charismatic (movement)

Charismatic (movement). Christian belief that the Holy Spirit imparts particular gifts and inspiration, which have visible and internally recognizable consequences. This movement of the Holy Spirit in the historic denominations was characterized by experience of ‘baptism in the Holy Spirit’ or ‘second baptism’ and by a new informality in liturgical worship, anticipation of the Second Coming of Christ, and renewed emphasis on the present reality of the gifts of the Spirit, especially healing, prophecy, and speaking in tongues (glossolalia).

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charismatic movement

char·is·mat·ic move·ment • n. a movement within some Christian churches that emphasizes gifts believed to be conferred by the Holy Spirit, such as speaking in tongues and healing of the sick.

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charismatic movement

charismatic movement Movement within the Christian Church. It emphasizes the presence of the Holy Spirit in the life of an individual and in the work of the church. It is particularly associated with Pentecostal Churches.

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