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Zealots

Zealots (zĕl´əts), Jewish faction traced back to the revolt of the Maccabees (2d cent. BC). The name was first recorded by the Jewish historian Josephus as a designation for the Jewish resistance fighters of the war of AD 66–73. This term applied to them because of their fervent veneration of the Torah and detestation of non-Jews and Jews lacking in religious fervor. The Zealots were organized as a party during the reign (37 BC–4 BC) of Herod the Great, whose idolatrous practices they resisted. Later (c.AD 6), when Cyrenius, the Roman governor of Syria, attempted to take a census, the Zealots, under Judas of Galilee and the priest Zadok, arose in revolt against what they considered a plot to subjugate the Jews. Thereafter the Zealots expressed their opposition by sporadic revolts and by violence against Jews who conformed to Roman ways. The Zealots played a role in the unsuccessful revolt in which the Temple was destroyed (AD 70) by the Romans. The Zealot garrison at Masada, a mountaintop fortress near the Dead Sea, was captured by the Romans only after its 900 defenders had committed mass suicide (AD 73) rather than be captured.

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Zealots

Zealots. Jewish resistance fighters in the Jewish–Roman War, 66–73 CE. The movement stemmed from the activities of Judah the Galilean who ‘incited his countrymen to revolt’. In the War against the Romans, one of the sons of Judah seized the fortress of Masada and took command of the Jewish forces in Jerusalem until his murder in 68. The majority of the Zealots died in the siege of Jerusalem; Masada fell in 73, and those who fled to Egypt were rounded up, tortured, and executed.

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Zealot

Zealot a member of an ancient Jewish sect aiming at a world Jewish theocracy and resisting the Romans until ad 70. The name is recorded from the mid 16th century, and comes via ecclesiastical Latin from Greek zēlōtēs, from zēloun ‘be jealous’, from zēlos ‘zeal’.

The extended sense of zealot as a person who is fanatical and uncompromising in pursuit of their religious, political, or other ideals is recorded from the mid 17th century.

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zealot

zeal·ot / ˈzelət/ • n. a person who is fanatical and uncompromising in pursuit of their religious, political, or other ideals. ∎  (Zeal·ot) hist. a member of an ancient Jewish sect aiming at a world Jewish theocracy and resisting the Romans until ad 70. DERIVATIVES: zeal·ot·ry / -ətrē/ n.

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Zealots

Zealots Jewish sect, active in opposition to Roman rule at the time of Jesus Christ and after. They refused to agree that Jews could be ruled by pagans, led resistance to the Roman census of ad 6, pursued a terrorist campaign, and played an important role in the rising of ad 66. Their activities continued into the 2nd century.

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zealot

zealotbraggart, faggot (US fagot), maggot •legate •bigot, gigot, Piggott, spigot •ingot • profligate • aggregate • yogurt •conjugate • abrogate • surrogate •ergot, virgate •Bagehot • patriarchate • wainscot •Sickert • predicate • syndicate •certificate, pontificate •Calicut • delicate • silicate • triplicate •duplicate, quadruplicate •intricate • Connecticut • Alcott •ducat • advocate •ballot, palate •charlotte, harlot •appellate, Helot, prelate, zealot •flagellate • distillate •Pilate, pilot •copilot • gyropilot • autopilot •triangulate •ejaculate, immaculate •amulet • spatulate •articulate, denticulate •consulate, proconsulate •postulate • ungulate •inviolate, ultraviolet •chocolate • cardinalate • desolate •isolate • disconsolate • Merlot

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