adj. Anat. & Zool.
of or relating to the shoulder or shoulder blade.
a short monastic cloak covering the shoulders.
a symbol of affiliation to an ecclesiastical order, consisting of two strips of cloth hanging down the breast and back and joined across the shoulders.
a bandage passing over and around the shoulders.
monastic garment covering the shoulders. XV. — late L. scapulāre
, f. late L. scapula
shoulder (anat. in Eng. use XVI), earlier pl. -æ
; see -AR
). — AN. *scapelorie
, var. of OF. eschapeloyre
(XII) — medL. scapelōrium
; assim. to -ARY
, ‘shoulder blades’). Part of the Christian religious habit
consisting of a piece of cloth worn over the shoulders and hanging down in front and behind. It represents the yoke of Christ (Matthew 11. 29 f.).
a short monastic cloak covering the shoulders; a symbol of affiliation to an ecclesiastical order, consisting of two strips of cloth hanging down the breast and back and joined across the shoulders. The word comes (in the late 15th century) from late Latin scapulare
, from scapula