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Last Supper

Last Supper, in the New Testament, meal taken by Jesus and his disciples on the eve of the passion. Jesus broke bread and passed a cup of wine among the disciples, identifying himself with the bread and the wine and linking the meal to his impending death on the cross. The meal was an anticipation both of Jesus' death and of the eschatological banquet referred to in several Old Testament passages and by Jesus himself. Christians see the Last Supper as the original of the Eucharist. The Synoptic Gospels depict the meal as a Passover meal; the Gospel of St. John does not. The Last Supper has been a favorite subject of painting.

See I. H. Marshall, Last Supper and Lord's Supper (1981).

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Last Supper

Last Supper (Lord's Supper) Final meal shared by Jesus Christ and his disciples in Jerusalem during or just before Passover, in the course of which Jesus instituted the Christian Eucharist. According to the gospels of St Matthew, St Mark, and St Luke, Jesus warned the disciples of his imminent betrayal and blessed and shared bread and wine among them, telling them that these were his body and blood of the Covenant.

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Last Supper

Last Supper. The final meal of Jesus with his disciples before his death. In the Synoptic gospels (Mark 14. 12–26 etc.) it is described as a Passover meal. John 13. 1–11 mentions only a supper at which Jesus washed his disciples' feet, and places the crucifixion before the time of the Passover meal, which has the effect of relating the death of Jesus to the slaughter of the lambs for Passover.

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Last Supper

Last Sup·per the supper eaten by Jesus and his disciples on the night before the Crucifixion, as recorded in the New Testament and commemorated by Christians in the Eucharist. ∎  an artistic representation based on this event.

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