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Kings (books of the Bible)

Kings, books of the Bible, originally a single work in the Hebrew canon. They are called First and Second Kings in modern Bibles, and Third and Fourth Kingdoms in the Greek versions, where the books of Samuel are called First and Second Kingdoms. First and Second Kings cover the period c.1000 BC–c.586 BC and continue the historical narrative of First and Second Samuel, from the death of David to the destruction of Judah. The books are generally considered to belong to the Deuteronomic history (Joshua–2 Kings), in which existing sources were edited to describe and explain Israel's historical fate. The major divisions of First and Second Kings are as follows: first, the reign of Solomon, including the end of David's reign and a lengthy account of the Temple; second, a synchronizing parallel account of the two Hebrew kingdoms, beginning with the division between Rehoboam and Jeroboam and including the rise and fall of the house of Ahab of Israel, into which is woven the careers of the prophets Elijah and Elisha; and third, the end of the southern kingdom. First and Second Kings show Israel's kings leading the nation in its violation of the covenant between God and his people, thus bringing upon the nation the curses anticipated in chapters 27 and 28 of Deuteronomy. The events of Kings are told from a different point of view in Chronicles, which is an apologia for the Davidic monarchy.

See R. Nelson, 1 and 2 Kings (1987).

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kings

kings Kings is the name of two books of the Bible, recording the history of Israel from the accession of Solomon to the destruction of the Temple in 586 bc. In the Septuagint and Vulgate, these are called the third and fourth books of Kings, the two books of Samuel being called the first and second books of Kings.
kings have long arms a sovereign's power is often extensive. The saying is recorded from the mid 16th century, but the related ‘rulers' hands reach a long way’ is found in classical Greek, and the Roman poet Ovid (43 bc–ad c.17) in Heroides has, ‘know you not that kings have far-reaching hands?’

See also king, divine right of kings.

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Kings, Books of

Kings, Books of. Two books belonging to the Former Prophets in the Hebrew Bible and to the historical books of the Christian Old Testament. In RC edns. of the Bible they are usually called 3 and 4 Kings, titles deriving from the Septuagint.

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