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Calvary

Calvary (kăl´vərē) [Lat.,=a skull] or Golgotha (gŏl´gəthə) [Heb.,=a skull], in the Gospels, place where Jesus was crucified, outside what was then the wall of Jerusalem. Its location is not certainly known. The traditional identification of the site of Calvary was made by St. Helena, the mother of the Emperor Constantine, when she found (c.326) what was believed to be a relic of the actual cross on which Jesus was crucified. The spot is within the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. In 1885 General Charles G. Gordon proposed a site near the Damascus Gate, first suggested in 1842. This is called the Garden Tomb or Gordon's Calvary.

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Calvary, Mount

Calvary, Mount (Lat., calvaria, ‘skull’, translating Heb., Golgotha). The place of Jesus' crucifixion, outside the walls of Jerusalem (John 19. 20) and near the tomb. The traditional site is within the church of the Holy Sepulchre. A less likely site is ‘Gordon's Calvary’, by a cliff outside the N. wall of the city.

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Calvary

Calvary the hill outside Jerusalem on which Jesus was crucified. The name comes from late Latin calvaria ‘skull’, translation of Greek golgotha ‘place of a skull’ (Matthew 27:33).

The word calvary is also used to designate a sculpture or picture representing the scene of the Crucifixion.

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calvary

calvary outdoor (life-size) representation of the Crucified Christ. XVIII. — L. calvāria skull (f. calva scalp, calvus bald, rel. to Skr. kulva-), tr. in Matt. 27: 33, etc. of Aram. gogulthō, gogolthā skull (= Heb. gulgōleth), rendered in Gr. by golgothá; see -ARY.

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Calvary

Calvary.
1. Rock-work on which three crosses are erected, or a sculptured and monumental representation of the Crucifixion.

2. Rood.

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