Percy Gardner, 1846–1937, English classical archaeologist. He served as field assistant to W. M. Flinders Petrie, helping him excavate Naucritus, a Greek settlement in Egypt. From 1887 to 1925 he was professor of archaeology at Oxford, where he was instrumental in building up the archaeology department and its library and collections. His works include The Types of Greek Coins (1883), New Chapters in Greek History (1892), A Manual of Greek Antiquities (with F. B. Jevons, 1895), Principles of Greek Art (1913), A History of Ancient Coinage (1918), and New Chapters in Greek Art (1926). His brother Ernest Arthur Gardner, 1862–1939, was also a classical archaeologist. He served as director of the British School of Archaeology at Athens (1887–95) and as professor of archaeology (1896–1929) and vice chancellor at the Univ. of London. He was prominent in excavations in the Middle East, particularly at Megalopolis and Paphos. His principal work is Handbook of Greek Sculpture (1897, rev. ed. 1915). Other works include Religion and Art in Ancient Greece (1910), The Art of Greece (1925), and Greece and the Aegean (1933).
"Gardner, Percy." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 19, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gardner-percy
"Gardner, Percy." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved April 19, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gardner-percy
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.
Gardner, Ernest Arthur
Ernest Arthur Gardner: see under Gardner, Percy.
"Gardner, Ernest Arthur." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 19, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gardner-ernest-arthur
"Gardner, Ernest Arthur." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved April 19, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gardner-ernest-arthur