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Rihm, Wolfgang

Rihm, Wolfgang (b Karlsruhe, 1952). Ger. composer. Studied with Stockhausen 1973 and Huber 1974. Lect. at Karlsruhe Musikhochschule from 1973. Works incl.:STAGE: operas Faust und Yorick (1976) and Jakob Lenz (1978); music theatre: Die Hamletmaschine (1986), Oedipus (1986–7), and Die Eroberung von Mexico (1987–9); ballet Tutuguri (1981–2).ORCH.: Syms.: No.1 (1969), No.2 (1975), No.3, sop., bar., ch., orch. (1976–7); pf. conc. (1969); Lichtzwang, vn., orch. (1975–6); va. conc. (1979–83); Abgesangsszene I (1979), V (1979); Brahmsliebewalzer (1979–88); Walzer I, Sehnsuchtwalzer (1979–81), II, Drängender Walzer (1986–7); Klangbeschreibung I, 2 orch. groups (1982–7), III (1984–7); Dunkles Spiel, small orch. (1988–90); Passim (1989); Umfassung, orch. in 2 groups (1990); La lugubre gondola/Das Eismeer, 2 orch. groups, pf. (1990–2).SOLO VOICE(S) & ORCH. or ENS.: Sicut cervus desiderat ad fontes aquarum, sop., ens. (1970); Sym. No.3, sop., bar., ch., orch. (1976–7); Abgesangsszene II, bar., orch. (1979–80), V, mez., bar., orch. (1979–81); Andere Schatten, sop., mez., bar., narr., ch., orch. (1985); Frau/Stimme, sop., orch. with sop. (1989).INSTR. ENS.: Music-Hall Suite, cl., 2 sax., tpt., perc., pf., vn., db. (1979); Chiffre I, pf., 7 instr. (1982), III, 12 players (1983), IV, bass cl., dbn., hn., 2 vn., va., vc., db. (1983–4), VI, 8 players (1985–6); Figur, hp., 4 tb., perc. (1989); Cantus firmus, 14 players (1990); Étude pour Séraphin, 2 ten. tb., 2 bass tb., 4 bass tubas, 6 perc. players (1991–2).CHORUS & ORCH. or ENS.: Hölderlin-Fragmente, ch., orch. (1977); Lowry-Lieder, ch., orch. (1982–7); ‘Was aber …’, 2 women's vv., orch. (1986); Départ, ch., narr., 22 players (1988); Engel, 2 male vv., 20 instr. (1989).CHAMBER MUSIC: str. qts.: No.1 (1968), No.2 (1970), No.3 (1976), No.4 (1979–81), No.5 (1983), No.6 (1984), No.7 (1985), No.8 (1988); pf. trio (1981); Fremde Szene I, vn., vc., pf. (1982), II (Charackterstück), vn., vc., pf. (1983); III, vn., vc., pf. (1983).VOICE & PIANO: 4 Songs of Paul Celan (1973); Wölfli-Liederbuch (1980–1).KEYBOARD: 2 Fantasies, org. (1967); Klavierstück Nos.4–7 (1974–80); Ländler, pf. (1979); ‘Bann, Nachtschwärmerei’, org. (1980).

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Paul, Wolfgang

Wolfgang Paul, 1913–93, German physicist, Ph.D. Technical Univ., Berlin, 1939. A professor at the Univ. of Bonn since 1952, Paul worked with Hans Dehmelt to develop an ion trap technique (known as the Paul trap), which made possible the detailed study of subatomic particles. For this invention, Dehmelt and Paul shared the 1989 Nobel Prize in Physics with Norman F. Ramsey.

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