Columba, St (d. 597). Founder, in 565, of the monastery of Iona, which contributed to conversion in Northumbria, Mercia, and Pictland. Born between 519 and 522 into the Cenél Conaill of Donegal branch of the northern royal Uí Néill, Columba had founded Derry in the 550s and possibly Durrow and Kells before his condemnation at the Synod of Teltown (Co. Meath), for involvement in the battle of Cúl Drebene (561), prompted him to be pilgrim-exile in the southern part of Dalriada, where King Conall gave him Iona (574). Columba's major concern was the pastoral needs of Dalriada, but his visits to King Bridei facilitated 7th-cent. foundations in east Pictland. Revered in his foundations and their offshoots, including Lindisfarne, he was belittled by Wilfrid in debate at Whitby (664). This perhaps prompted Abbot Cumméne the White to compose a (lost) biography, used by Adomnán. Columba may have instigated the royal conference of Drumceat (Druim Cett) (575) which considered constitutional relations of the people of Irish Dalriada, with their king in Scotland, and with the Uí Néill high king. His political eminence may explain why he was regarded as one whose prayers gained victory for favoured kings, including Oswald. His crozier and a psalter associated with him were, later, taken into battle. His relics were translated c.849, to Dunkeld (Perthshire) in Pictland, and to Kells.
A. E. Redgate
Columba, Saint (521–97) Irish Christian missionary in Ireland and Scotland. He founded several monasteries throughout Ireland. In 563, he left Ireland and founded an important monastery on the island of Iona. As Abbot of Iona, he strove to convert the Picts of n Scotland to Christianity. His feast day is June 9.
Columba, St (c.521–97). Christian abbot and missionary, trained in Irish monasteries, who, in c.563 established himself and twelve companions on the island of Iona. He remained there as a base for evangelizing the Scottish mainland and establishing monasteries on other nearby islands. Though not a bishop, he exercised ecclesiastical authority in the area, and consecrated the new king of the Scots in 574. He is also known for three Latin poems and for his skill as a scribe. Feast day, 9 June.
Columba, St (c.521–97), Irish abbot and missionary. He established the monastery at Iona in c.563, and converted the Picts to Christianity. St Columba contributed significantly to the literature of Celtic Christianity. His feast day is 9 June.
More From encyclopedia.com
King ★★★ 1978 , king the male ruler of an independent state, especially one who inherits the position by right of birth. In chess, the king is the most important pie… Don King , King, Don 1931– Boxing promoter Even if he sported a conventional hair style, Don King might still be one of the most recognizable people in sports t… Legacy , Legacy The militant political legacy of the Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is in eclipse, and his historical reputation is frequently distorted… Martin Luther King Jr , Martin Luther King, Jr. 1929-1968 Civil rights leader At a Glance… Montgomery Bus Boycott SCLC Formed Birmingham Protest March “I Have a Dream” Votin… Curia Regis , Curia Regis [Latin, The King's Court.] The Anglo-Saxon kings of England regularly summoned the bishops and great men of the kingdom to a council (Wit… William Lyon Mackenzie King , William Lyon Mackenzie King (1874-1950) was prime minister of Canada for more than 21 years, a longer period in office than any other first minister…
About this article
All Sources -
Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Topic
You Might Also Like