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Bruno, Saint (925–65, German churchman and statesman)

Saint Bruno (brōō´nō), 925–65, German churchman and statesman; brother and chief adviser of the first Holy Roman emperor, Otto I, whose chancellor he was from c.950. He was made (953) archbishop of Cologne and in the same year became duke of Lotharingia. He organized the civil service, led the revival of learning, and reformed the monasteries according to the pattern laid down by the Cluniac reform. He is also known as St. Bruno the Great. Feast: Oct. 11.

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Bruno, Saint (c.1030–1101, German monk, founder of the Carthusians)

Saint Bruno, c.1030–1101, German monk, founder of the Carthusians, b. Cologne. He studied and taught at Reims. In 1084 he took six companions and founded a little monastery in the Alps, which became the mother house of the Carthusian order (see Chartreuse, Grande). In 1090, Pope Urban II, whom Bruno had taught, called him to Rome as a counselor. He died in Italy in retirement at a monastery he had founded. Feast: Oct. 6.

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Bruno, St

Bruno, St (c.1032–1101), German-born French churchman. In 1084 he withdrew to the mountains of Chartreuse and founded the Carthusian order at La Grande Chartreuse. His feast day is 6 October.

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